100‰精选王中王资料

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特朗普“能源独立”牌激起千层浪
发布日期:2017/4/10        阅读次数:614

编者按:3月28日下午,美国总统特朗普签署“能源独立”行政命令,内含多项对清洁能源进行限制的内容,旨在推动煤炭业就业回暖。业内认为,这项行政命令让美国在与全球气候行动计划背道而驰的道路上又迈出一步。

    4月1日,美国彭博社分析认为,特朗普正经历着严重的“信任危机”。我国专家认为,美国在气候变化问题上的“倒退”,将让我国承担起全球气候变化进程上的更多责任和义务。3月30日,BP首席经济学家戴思攀在《BP世界能源展望》中文版发布会上也表示,碳定价机制是最有效促进气候变化进程的手段之一,中国作为发展中国家,比西方国家更积极地推动碳定价与碳交易机制,令业界敬佩。

    特朗普政府对传统油气发展的大力推进,也将促进我国油气企业与美国企业合作更加紧密。

    本版特推出专题报道,分析特朗普能源新政对今后世界能源行业可能产生的重大影响。

100‰精选王中王资料    

 

100‰精选王中王资料    3YUE28RI,MEIGUOZONGTONGTELANGPUQIANSHULEYIXIANG“NENGYUANDULI”DEXINGZHENGMINGLING,GAIXIANGXINGZHENGMINGLINGJIANGTUIDONGMEIGUOFANGQIZAIQUANQIUQIHOUXINGDONGJIHUAZHONGDEJIANPAIYIWU,DUIYUANYOUQUANQIUQIHOUZHILIZHIXUJIANGCHANSHENGZHONGDACHONGJI,DUIXINNENGYUANFAZHANYEJIANGCHANSHENGYIDINGYINGXIANG。

    GAIXINGZHENGMINGLINGYAOQIU,HUANBAOSHULIJIDUIAOBAMAZHENGFUSHIQIDE《QINGJIEDIANLIJIHUA》JINXINGPINGGU。GAIJIHUASHIAOBAMAZHENGFUYINGDUIQIHOUBIANHUAZUIZHONGYAO、YESHIGUANGSHOUZHENGYIDEYIXIANGZHENGCE,YINJIHUAYAOQIUFADIANQIYEDAO2030NIANJIANGTANPAIFANGLIANGZAI2005NIANDEJICHUSHANGJIANSHAO32%,CENGSHOUDAOGONGHEDANGHEMEITANXINGYEDEQIANGLIEFANDUI。

100‰精选王中王资料    MEIGUOBAIGONGFAYANRENSIPAISAIDANGTIANZAILIXINGJIZHEHUISHANGSHUO,ZHEIYIXINGZHENGMINGLINGZHIZAI“XUEJIANXIANZHIGUONEINENGYUANHUANBAOSHIYONGSHANGBUBIYAODEJIANGUANZHANGAI”,CONGER“JIAQIANGMEIGUODENENGYUANANQUAN”。XINGZHENGMINGLINGYESHITELANGPUDUIXIANCHENGNUODEYIGETIXIAN,JIHUIFUMEITANXINGYEDEJIUYE。

 

    美国石油工业将得到振兴

    ZITELANGPUJIURENMEIGUOZONGTONGYILAI,ZHENGZHUBUDUIXIANQINENGYUANZHENGCEDEHEXIN:LIZHUFAZHANHUASHINENGYUAN,ZHENXINGMEIGUOSHIYOUGONGYE。

    LIANGGEDUOYUELAI,TELANGPUZHENGFUTUICHULEDUOXIANGXINZHENG,QIZHONGDUOXIANGZHENGCEDUIQUANQIUNENGYUANXINGYEJIWOGUOYOUQIYINGXIANGJIAODA。1YUE23RI,TELANGPUQIANSHUXINGZHENGMINGLING,ZHENGSHIXUANBUTUICHUKUATAIPINGYANGHUOBANGUANXIXIEDING(TPP),GAIXIEYIZHIZAIXUEJIANMEIGUODUIQIANYUEGUOJIADEJINCHUKOUGUANSHUI。GAIZHENGCEYIWEIZHEMEIGUOZAINIQUANQIUHUADAOLUSHANGMAICHULEJIANSHIDEYIBU。1YUE24RI,TELANGPUQIANSHUXINGZHENGMINGLING,ZHONGQIHENGKUAMEIGUOHEJIANADADEJISHIXLSHUYOUGUANDAOXIANGMUJIDAKETATONGDAOGUANDAOXIANGMU。ZHEIXIEGUANDAOJIANSHEXIANGMUZAIAOBAMAZHIZHENGQIJIANYINCUNZAIHUANBAOZHENGYIZAODAOZANTING。

    2YUE1RI,TELANGPUZHENGFUFEICHULEMEIGUOZHENGJIANHUIYU2016NIAN6YUEFABUDEYIXIANGYAOQIUZAIMEIGUOSHANGSHISHIYOUHEKUANGYEGONGSIBIXUPILUHAIWAIJINGYINGZHONGXIANGDANGDIZHENGFUZHIFUKUANXIANGDEGUIDING。FANDUIZHERENWEI,GAIXIANGGUIDINGBUJINJIANGZENGJIAMEIGUOYOUQIGONGSIHAIWAIYUNYINGCHENGBEN,ERQIEKENENGZAOCHENGSHANGYEMIMIDEXIELU。3YUE16RI,TELANGPUTIYI,JIANGHUANJINGBAOHUSHUDEYUSUANXUEJIAN31%,GAIXIANGCUOSHIXIANSHILETELANGPUZHENGFUDUIHUANBAOLINGYUDEZHONGSHICHENGDUJIAOZHIQIANDADAJIANGDI,YEZAIWEIQITUICHUQUANQIUQIHOUXINGDONGJIHUAPULU。

    3YUE17RI,ERSHIGUOFENGHUI(G20)CAIZHANGHUIYIZAIDEGUOZHAOKAI,TELANGPUZHENGFUSHOUCIPAIDAIBIAOCANJIA。BENNIANDUHUIYIGONGGAOZHONG,WEITIJI“DIZHIMAOYIBAOHUZHUYI”DENEIRONG,ZHEIZAIGUOQUSHIJINIANSHOUCICHUXIAN。CANJIAHUIYIDEMEIGUOCAIZHANGNUQINBIAOSHI,MEIGUOXIANGXINZIYOUMAOYI,DANGENGXIANGXINPINGHENGDEMAOYI。ZHEIBIAOMING,JINHOUMEIGUOMAOYIBAOHUZHUYIRENGJIANGBUDUANDEDAOQIANGHUA。

    ZHEIXIEZHENGCETIXIANLETELANGPUZHENGFUNENGYUANZHENGCEDEZONGZHI,NEIJIUSHIYIQIEZHENGCEYIMEIGUOLIYIWEIZHONGXIN,YITIGAOMEIGUOJIUYEWEIMUBIAO。“NIQUANQIUHUA”DEMAOYIBAOHUZHUYIZAIJINYIBUJIAQIANG、ZHELISAOCHUNENGYUANFAZHANDEJIANGUANZHANGAI、ZHELITIGAONENGYUANLINGYUJIUYESHUIPING、JINYIBUGONGGUMEIGUOGUOJIALIYI。

 

    特朗普政府能源新政一览

    1YUE23RI,TELANGPUQIANSHUXINGZHENGMINGLING,ZHENGSHIXUANBUTUICHUKUATAIPINGYANGHUOBANGUANXIXIEDING(TPP),ZHIZAIXUEJIANMEIGUODUIQIANYUEGUOJIADEJINCHUKOUGUANSHUI。

100‰精选王中王资料    1YUE24RI,TELANGPUQIANSHUXINGZHENGMINGLING,ZHONGQIJISHIXLSHUYOUGUANDAOXIANGMUJIDAKETATONGDAOGUANDAOXIANGMU。ZHEIXIEGUANDAOJIANSHEXIANGMUZAIAOBAMAZHIZHENGQIJIANYINCUNZAIHUANBAOZHENGYIZAODAOZANTING。

    2YUE1RI,TELANGPUZHENGFUFEICHULEMEIGUOZHENGJIANHUIYU2016NIAN6YUEFABUDEYIXIANGYAOQIUZAIMEIGUOSHANGSHISHIYOUHEKUANGYEGONGSIBIXUPILUHAIWAIJINGYINGZHONGXIANGDANGDIZHENGFUZHIFUKUANXIANGDEGUIDING。

    2YUE3RI,MEIGUOCAIZHENGBUXUANBUDUIYILANG13MINGGERENHE12JIASHITISHISHIZHICAI,YIHUIYINGYILANG1YUE29RISHISHEDUANCHENGDANDAODAODANDEXINGWEI。YILANGYOUQITOUZIHUANJINGZAICIMENGSHANGYINYING。

100‰精选王中王资料    3YUE16RI,TELANGPUTIYIJIANGHUANJINGBAOHUSHUDEYUSUANXUEJIAN31%,GAIXIANGCUOSHIXIANSHILETELANGPUZHENGFUDUIHUANBAOLINGYUDEZHONGSHICHENGDUJIAOZHIQIANDADAJIANGDI。

    3YUE17RI,ERSHIGUOFENGHUIJITUAN(G20)CAIZHANGHUIYIZAIDEGUOZHAOKAI,TELANGPUZHENGFUSHOUCIPAIDAIBIAOCANJIA。BENNIANDUHUIYIGONGGAOZHONG,WEITIJI“DIZHIMAOYIBAOHUZHUYI”DENEIRONG,ZHEIZAIGUOQUSHIJINIANSHOUCICHUXIAN。

100‰精选王中王资料    3YUE28RI,TELANGPUQIANSHU“NENGYUANDULI”DEXINGZHENGMINGLING,YAOQIUHUANBAOSHULIJIDUIAOBAMAZHENGFUSHIQIDE《QINGJIEDIANLIJIHUA》JINXINGPINGGU,GAIJIHUAYAOQIUFADIANQIYEDAO2030NIANJIANGTANPAIFANGLIANGZAI2005NIANDEJICHUSHANGJIANSHAO32%。ZHEIYESHITELANGPUDUIXIANCHENGNUODEYIGETIXIAN,JIHUIFUMEITANXINGYEJIUYE。

 

    未来美国能源政策调整遵循五大方向

    WEIRAOZHENXINGYOUQIGONGYE,TELANGPUZHENGFUWEILAIHAIJIANGCHUTAIYIXILIEXINZHENGCE。

    1.减少奥巴马时期的油气监管政策

100‰精选王中王资料    TELANGPUZAIXUANZHANZHONG,CENGBAOZHENGJIANGSONGBANG“75%”DEFAGUI,BINGYU1YUE30RIQIANSHUXINGZHENGLING,GUIDINGFANTICHUYIXIANGXINFAGUI,JIUYINGQUXIAOLIANGXIANGJIUFAGUI。ZUIJINTELANGPUZHENGFUFEICHUMEIGUOZHENGJIANHUI(SEC)GUANYUSHANGSHIYOUQIGONGSIHAIWAIJINGYINGZHONGXUPILUXIANGDANGDIZHENGFUZHIFUKUANXIANGZHENGCEDEZUOFA,BIANSHIGAIXIANGJUCUODEJUTITIXIAN,JINHOUHAIJIANGYOUGENGDUODEYOUQIJIANGUANZHENGCEJIANGBEIQUXIAO。

    2.逐步废除阻碍油气工业发展的环保政策

100‰精选王中王资料    ZHEIQIZHONGZHUYAOSHEJISANGEFANGMIANDEZHENGCE,BAOKUOJIANGDIHUANJINGBAOHUSHUZHENGZAIYANJIUZHIDINGDEGUANYUYOUQIJINGYALIEGUOCHENGZHONGJIAWANPAIFANGBIAOZHUN,ZHONGXINXIUDING2015NIANBANBUDE《QINGJIESHUITIAOLI》HE2016NIANZHIDINGDE《XISHUIBAOHUTIAOLI》,YIJIJIANGDIYOUQIZUANJINGZUOYEDEXIANGGUANHUANBAOYAOQIU。ZAI3YUE28RITELANGPUQIANSHU“NENGYUANDULI”MINGLINGZHIHOU,“QINGJIEDIANLIJIHUA”JIANGBEIFANGQI。

    3.出台进一步放开深水油气勘探开发的政策

100‰精选王中王资料    FEICHUAOBAMAZHENGFUSHIQIGUANBIHAISHANGJIDALUJIAYOUQIKANTANKAIFADEZHENGCE,JINYIBUFANGKAIBAOKUOALASIJIAZHOUJITAIPINGYANG、DAXIYANGHEMOXIGEWANSHENSHUIQULIANBANGTUDIDEKANTANKAIFAHUODONG。

    4.持续出台支持油气基础设施建设的政策

    TELANGPURENWEIZHEIXIEXIANGMUNENGGOUZENGJIADALIANGJIUYE,TONGSHIDAIDONGGANGTIEXINGYEFAZHAN。JINHOU,JIANGYOUGENGDUOAOBAMASHIQIYINHUANBAOSHENCHASHOUZUDEYOUQIJICHUSHESHIJIANSHEXIANGMUDEDAOPIFU。

    5.退出全球气候行动计划的政策

    JINGUANAOBAMAZHENGFUYU2016NIAN4YUEQIANSHULE《BALIXIEDING》,DANTELANGPUDUOCIMINGQUEBIAOSHIJIANGTUICHU“BALIXIEDING”,JIANGTINGZHIMEIGUODUILIANHEGUOQUANQIUBIANNUANJIHUADEZHICHU。SUIZHETELANGPUQIANSHU“NENGYUANDULI”XINGZHENGMINGLING,MEIGUOZAITUICHU“BALIXIEDING”DEDAOLUSHANGYOUXIANGQIANMAILEYIBU。

 

    我国新能源发展前景依然广阔

    TELANGPUJIURENZONGTONGZHIQIAN,MEIGUOYIZHISHIQUANQIUQIHOUXINGDONGJIHUADELINGDAOZHEHETUIDONGZHE,ERTELANGPUDEZHEIYIXINGZHENGMINGLING,HUOJIANGGAIBIANMUQIANDEQUANQIUQIHOUZHILIZHIXU。XINGYUNDESHI,WOGUOJIOUMENGRENGSHIQUANQIUQIHOUZHILIDEJIANDINGZHICHIZHE,YOUJUEXINHEXINXINTUIDONGXINDEQUANQIUQIHOUYIZHIXINGDONG。

100‰精选王中王资料    ZAITELANGPUQIANSHU“NENGYUANDULI”DEXINGZHENGMINGLINGHOU,WOGUOJIOUMENGDOUZUOCHULEHUIYING。ZHONGGUOWAIJIAOBUFAYANRENLUKANGZAI3YUE29RIDELIXINGJIZHEHUISHANGBIAOSHI:“WULUNQITAGUOJIAQIHOUZHENGCEZENMEBIANHUA,ZHONGGUOZUOWEIYIGEFUZERENDEFAZHANZHONGDAGUO,WOMENYINGDUIQIHOUBIANHUADEJUEXIN、MUBIAOHEZHENGCEXINGDONGBUHUIGAIBIAN。ZHONGFANGYEYUANYIJIXUYUGUOJISHEHUIGEFANGYIDAO,JIAQIANGDUIHUAHEZUO,XIESHOUTUIJINQUANQIUQIHOUZHILIJINCHENG。”

    OUMENGQIHOUXINGDONGYUNENGYUANWEIYUANKANIETEBIAOSHI,“OUMENGHEZHONGGUOSHITUIDONGLUOSHI《BALIXIEDING》HEJIAKUAIQUANQIUQINGJIENENGYUANZHUANXINGDEJIANDINGZHULIFANG。ZAIQUANQIUQIHOUXINGSHIZHUDUOBUQUEDINGXINGDEDANGXIA,WOMENXUYAOQIANSUOWEIYOUDININGJUGONGSHIHELIANHELINGDAOLI”。

    MEIGUOTUICHUQUANQIUQIHOUZHILIZHIXUHOU,WOGUOKENENGYAOCHENGDANGENGDUODEZEREN,ZAIQUANQIUZHILIZHONGDEDIWEIHEXINGXIANGYEHUIDEDAOTISHENG。JINNIANYILAI,ZHENDUIBUFENGUOJIAZAIJINGJI、QIHOUZHILIDENGLINGYU“NIQUANQIUHUA”DEDONGZUO,WOGUOZHENGFUDUOCIGONGKAIBIAODALETUIDONGQUANQIUHUADEXINXINHEJUEXIN,WUBUTIXIANZHEWOGUODUITUIDONGQUANQIUHUADEQIPOHEXINXIN。

    JINJINIAN,WOGUOXINNENGYUANXINGYEDEXUNSUFAZHAN,HENDACHENGDUSHANGDEYIYUWOGUOZAIJIJILUOSHIQUANQIUQIHOUXINGDONGJIHUAZHONGTANJIANPAIDEYAOQIU,CONGZHEIGEJIAODUKAN,WEILAISUIZHEWOGUOZAIQUANQIUQIHOUXINGDONGZHONGCHENGDANGENGDADEZEREN,XINNENGYUANXINGYEFAZHANQIANJINGRENGRANGUANGKUO。

 

    我国油企机遇与挑战并存

    WEILAISUIZHETELANGPUZHENXINGMEIGUOYOUQIGONGYEXILIECUOSHIDESHISHI,ZHONGGUOYOUQIDUIMEIYOUQITOUZIJIANGYINGLAIGENGDUODEJIHUI。TELANGPUYOUQIZHENGCEDEHEXINSHIZHENXINGMEIGUOSHIYOUGONGYE,XIYINWAIZIJIANGSHITELANGPUZHENGFUDEZHONGYAOJUCUO。

    ZAIYOUQIKANTANKAIFALINGYU,WEILAITELANGPUYAOFANGKAIAOBAMASHIQIGUANBIDEHAISHANGJIDALUJIAYOUQIKANTANKAIFA,FANGKAITAIPINGYANG、DAXIYANGJIMOXIGEWANSHENSHUIQUYUDEYOUQIKAICAI,ZHEIXIEDIQUYOUQIKAIFANANDUGENGDA、TOUZIEGENGGAO,XUYAOGENGYOUCAILIDETOUZIZHECANYU,ZHEIWEIZHONGGUOZHONGDUORONGZINENGLIJIAOQIANG、YOUZHEZHUANXINGXUQIUDESHANGSHIGONGSIZAIMEITUOZHANXINYEWUTIGONGLETOUZIJIYU。

    SUIZHEMEIGUOYOUQIGONGYEDEZHENXING,QIYOUQICHANLIANGJIANGHUIDAFUSHANGSHENG,JIESHI,MEIGUOYOUQICHANLIANGJIEGOUXINGGUOSHENGXIANXIANGJIANGHUIJINYIBUXIANXIAN,WEIJIANGFUYUDESHIYOUTIANRANQIXIAOSHOUCHUQU,MEIGUOGUONEIYOUQICHUKOUSHICHANGBIJIANGJINYIBUFANGKAI。

100‰精选王中王资料    ZAIYUANYOUMAOYILINGYU,2015NIAN9YUEMEIGUOJIUTONGGUOLEQUXIAOYUANYOUCHUKOUJINLING,KAISHICHUKOUSHAOLIANGNINGXIYOU,WEILAIJIANGHUIYOUGENGDUODEMEIGUOYOUQILIUXIANGGUOJISHICHANG。WEILAIWOGUOGUOYOUYOUQIHEMINYINGQIYECONGMEIGUOJINKOULIANJIAYUANYOUMIANLINJIYU。

100‰精选王中王资料    ZAITIANRANQIMAOYILINGYU,MEIGUOYEYANYOUQIGEMINGDAOZHIQITIANRANQICHANLIANGDAFUSHANGSHENG,JIAGEXIADIE,WEIGAIBIANZHEIZHONGZHUANGKUANG,MEIGUOMUQIANZHENGZAIDALIJIANSHEYEHUATIANRANQI(LNG)CHUKOUZHONGDUANSHUCHUGUOSHENGCHANPIN。2016NIAN,MEIGUODIYITIAOLNGCHUKOUZHONGDUANSHENGCHANXIANTOURUSHIYONG,SHOUCISHIXIANLELNGCHUKOU,LNGKAISHICHUKOUZHIOUZHOU、ZHONGDONGJIYAZHOUDERIBENHEHANGUO。WEILAIJINIANMEIGUOHAIYOUDUOTIAOLNGSHENGCHANXIANTOURUYUNYING。MEIGUOLNGCHUKOULIANGDEXUNSUSHANGSHENG,YEWEIWOGUOGUOYOUYOUQIHEMINYINGQIYEJINKOUTIANRANQITIGONGLEJIYU。

    ZAIMIANLINGENGDUOJIYUDETONGSHI,WOGUOYOUQIYEYINGJINGTI,ZAITELANGPU“MEIGUODIYI”DEZHENGCEXIA,MEIGUOMAOYIBAOHUZHUYIJIANGHUIJINYIBUQIANGHUA,WOGUOQIYEZAIMEITOUZIHUANJINGKENENGGENGJIAYANJUN。

    WEILAI,MEIGUOHUIJINYIBULIYONGFANLONGDUANFA、GUOJIAANQUANFASHENCHAZHONGQIZAIMEIDESHOUGOUTOUZI,YIWEIFANGUOJIAANQUAN、XINGCHENGXINGYELONGDUANWEIJIEKOUZUAIZHONGQIZAIMEISHOUGOUJIAOYIDEWANCHENG;MEIGUOQIYEYEHUIJIXULIYONGZHISHICHANQUANBAOHUFA、BAOHUSHANGYEMIMIFADENGFALV,YIQINFANSHANGYEMIMI、QINFANZHISHICHANQUANWEIJIEKOUXIANGWOGUOTONGXINGQIYETIQISHANGYESUSONG,ZUAIWOGUOZAIMEIQIYEKAIZHANXIANGGUANYEWU。WOGUOSHIYOUQIYEDUIMEITOUZITONGYANGJIANGMIANLINZHESHANGSHUWENTIDETIAOZHAN。

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